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Diabetes Care Center

Tests and exams

If you have diabetes, there are some tests you will need. Some of the most common diabetes tests are listed below. These tests are important first steps to help you and your doctor manage your diabetes. Managing your diabetes can help you live a healthy and active life.

Talk with your doctor about your diabetes and what specific tests are right for you.


An A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar level over a period of time. Checking your blood sugar daily is important, but it can only tell you what your blood sugar is at that moment. An A1C test will help tell you if your diabetes is under control and help you and your doctor treat your diabetes. Most people with diabetes need to have this test at least 2 times a year.

Urine test

A urine test looks for proteins in your urine. These proteins are a sign of kidney disease. Kidney disease can cause your kidneys to not work the way they should and in severe cases can lead to kidney failure. Early kidney disease doesn’t always show any signs or symptoms. Having your urine tested can help find kidney disease early. Most people with diabetes should have their urine tested at least 1 time every year. If the urine test does show kidney disease, your doctor can work with you to treat it.

Eye exam

Changes in blood sugar levels can affect your eyes. A retinal eye exam checks for damage to your retina from diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that affects people with diabetes. It is caused when blood sugar is too high for long periods of time. Over time, high blood sugar can cause eye problems and even blindness.

Having your eyes checked often can help catch a problem before you have serious problems with your eyes. Most people with diabetes should have their eyes tested 1 time every 2 years.

Blood pressure

Blood pressure is the force that moving blood puts on your artery walls (the tubes that carry blood throughout your body). People with diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause heart disease and stroke. Talk with your doctor about what your blood pressure should be and what you can do to manage your blood pressure.

Regular check-up

Regular check-ups are important for everyone, but they’re especially important for people with diabetes. This helps you to develop a relationship with your doctor and get the care you need. Don’t miss appointments. Make sure you follow-through on all tests and exams. Check-ups give you the chance to ask questions about your health and get the answers you need.

Also, be sure to follow these everyday healthy habits so you can say “I Am Healthy.”

Reference: American Diabetes Association